As Pakel Architecture, Design and Project Implementation, we act in the awareness that the delivery of electricity, which is a part of modern life, meticulously and in accordance with all required standards, is extremely important in terms of both life and property safety. The process of laying the pipes before plaster in the place where the installation will be laid is called “flush-mounted installation”, while the process of laying electrical transmission installation after rough construction is called “surface-mounted installation”. Thanks to this process, which is still in the construction phase, no pipes can be seen on the wall surface, so all connections remain inside the wall.
How to lay electrical wiring
1. Placement of pipes
Before the buildings are built, electrical installation projects are prepared. In these projects, all the details such as the sections of the pipes, where they will be placed, where the switches and sockets will be are specified. The expert staff of the authorized firm undertaking the electrical installation, guided by the information in the project, firstly determines the path through which the conductive wires are located. Then the pipes are laid meticulously in the opened channels. These places have already been determined before the ceiling concretes are poured.
2. Placement of junction boxes and cases
The boxes used to divide the current into branches in electrical circuits are called “junction boxes”. According to the project, the cases where the sockets and junction boxes will be placed are attached to the opened slots with the help of cement. While doing this process, which should be carried out before plastering, all junction boxes are set at an equal distance from the ceiling. The distance of the switches and sockets from the ground is specified as standard. Switches are placed at a distance of 150 cm from the base and sockets at a distance of 40-50 cm.
3. Pulling the cables
After answering the question of how to install the electrical wiring, it is time to pull the cables. After the plaster has dried, the stage of pulling the conductive cables is started. Guide wires and tools called “susta” are used to pass the cables through the pipes. As in other stages, the wiring should be done meticulously. The diameter of the conductive wires to be passed through the pipes, their sufficient length for connections, their being able to pass without interruption, as well as the hollowness of the pipes are very important details. Using talcum powder to thread the strands easily is a practical and common method.
4. Junction box connections
During the connection of the wires in the junction, parts called “klemens” are used. Care should be taken that the junction box connections are not complicated and that the current ends do not touch the junction box cover. After the necessary connections in the junction box are made, the cover is carefully closed.
5. Installation of switches, sockets and sockets
In the last stage of the electrical installation, the switches, sockets and sockets visible from the outside are installed.
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