Garden Maintenance

Planting Soiled Sapling
A hole is dug with a width and depth of 20-30 cm left on all sides of the soil layer surrounding the root of the sapling (sides and bottom). Top soil (20-30 cm top) is put on one side and subsoil on one side. After the pit is opened, the bottom of the pit is processed with a shovel or waist. When the sapling is placed in the pit, the hole is filled with top soil, so that the root collar of the sapling is at the ground level.
If there is a root that has come out of the tube, bag or container, the parts that come out are cut and removed. The sapling is removed from the container without spreading the soil, and the bottom is cut with 2 finger-thick soil. Thus, root curl is eliminated. The sapling is placed perpendicular to the center of the pit without spreading the soil. Top soil is filled into the pit first. This filling process is done little by little and tightly compressed with the foot. After this process, which has been done a few times, the pit is completely filled and the watering bowl is opened and the planting is completed. If the sapling is tall and hereking will be done, that is, if the sapling will be tied to the stake, when the hole is opened, the pile is 15cm to the bottom of the pit. it is nailed, planting is done after that. If the sapling is in a nylon bag or tube, the roots that are out of the tube are cut first, then the tube is cut 2 finger widths from the bottom. It is placed perpendicular to the center of the pit and the tube nylon is cut vertically. After that, the pit is filled little by little and compacted with a foot. After planting is completed, the watering bowl is opened. Life water is given. It is attached to the sapling pile with a cotton column. The column is connected in 8 ways between the tree and the sapling.
Pruning of the seedlings
Pruning occurs in the form of root and crown pruning.
The roots of the bare-rooted seedlings that are uprooted in the nursery and planted in the planting area are long. These should be shortened. Otherwise, these fold in planting and root development will be difficult. However, the new surfaces formed in the cut roots cause rich root formation. Sapling roots that have been damaged or lost their natural state are removed by pruning the roots. In tall leafed saplings, top and stem pruning is also made to ensure the balance of stem and root.
The top of the sapling is properly shaped during pruning to ensure the balance of the root and stem.
This shape can be in the form of a pyramid, a conical or a column, depending on the desired shape of the tree in the future. Pruning should be preferred while seedlings are buried.
In this way, the seedlings taken from the burial are quickly dispatched to the planting places.
Grass Seed Planting
Grass seed is selected according to the local conditions and intended use. 40-50 gr per 1m².
Sowing should be done manually or with a machine in a way that is accurate, on days without wind and frost. It should be planted between October 15 and June 15. The soil should not be muddy or too wet, too dry, but slightly damp and tempered. The seed should be evenly distributed throughout the field. Cover with soil and 1.5 cm. after planting. The seed is mixed with the soil by raking in depth. From now on, with a cylinder not exceeding 25 kg or 35 cm. x 35 cm. compression work is done with a mallet in size.
Grass Field Irrigation
The top of the soil is 15cm by spraying or sprinkling after the planting work is completed.
irrigation is done to process water in depth. Irrigation should be done once a day until the first form. Irrigation should be done when the 3cm thick part from the soil surface loses moisture.
First cut grass 7.5 cm. done when the paint reaches. The next formats are 5cm according to the maximum or 8 cm. done when the paint reaches.
Fertilizing Grass Fields
Chemical fertilizers or special fertilizers specified in late April and early May are given.
30 gr. for 1m² turf field. Nnitrogen fertilizer 25 gr. 15 gr. for phosphorus fertilizer.
Potassium fertilizer or fertilizer mixture is used. Fertilization is done when the ground is slightly moist and then irrigated.
Matters to be Considered in the design of the grass held
֍ The soil is mud, it should not be too dry. It should be damp and tempered.
֍ The soil should not be cultivated in rainy, frost and very dry conditions.
֍ There should not be stones, construction residues, plant residues or other foreign materials larger than 5 cm in the soil.
֍ There should be no drainage problem, that is, no water should accumulate on the site.
֍ Weeds that will appear on the grass field should be removed from the field.
֍ The diseases that can be seen should be fought.

January maintenance
֍ Cleaning the snow on the plants is necessary to prevent frost effect and snow break.
֍ Cleaning broken branches, puttying injured tissues, wrapping sensitive species against frost danger, eliminating drainage problems, draining ponds, etc.

February maintenance
֍ February is the best time for plant pruning.
֍ Pruning of leafy trees, shrubs (fruit trees, ornamental plants, etc.) can be done considering the weather conditions (in non-rainy weather).
֍ Towards the end of the month, the stem and leaves of the plants and the soil environment where the stem is connected to the soil should be sprayed with copper drugs.

March maintenance
֍ The pruning and forming works of the plants from the winter can be continued throughout March.
֍ Protection spraying with copper drugs should also be done within this month.
֍ The grass is strengthened by applying nitrogen-weighted spring fertilization.
֍ Colors that turn yellow due to winter return to normal.

April maintenance
֍ Spring fertilization should be continued during this month.
֍ Protective fungus and insecticide spraying should be repeated every 15 days.
֍ The soil that has reached the pan in April should be cultivated.
֍ Seasonal flowers, some bulbous plants and perennial groundcover can be planted.
֍ Seasonal flower seeds can be sown this month.
֍ Lawn establishment through seed sowing is the most suitable month for eye vaccination on fruit trees.

May maintenance
֍ Sowing grass is not recommended after the first week because the weather suddenly gets warmer in May.
֍ Since lawns grow faster depending on the weather, they need to be cut once a week.
֍ It should be ensured that the grass areas are watered regularly and the soil is constantly moist.
֍ The fight against insect and fungal pests should be repeated in 10-day periods from this month until the end of September.
֍ In cases where no pests are seen in the garden, by throwing protective drugs, plants and grass areas are protected against pests that may come from the environment

June maintenance
֍ As of June, grass lengths should be cut by keeping them long.
֍ It is a suitable time for summer fertilization.
֍ If dry and hot weather has caused color changes in the grass, Ammonium Nitrate can be used.
֍ Again, pest protection and control procedures should be continued.
֍ For spraying, days with no rain should be preferred and the evening hours when the temperature is lowest during the day should be chosen.

July maintenance
֍ Irrigation and mowing work should be done regularly because the weather is hot and not rainy.
֍ Performing ventilation in the grass areas this month ensures the healthy continuation of the grass. Lawn ventilation is done with a lawn ventilation machine or with the help of ventilation rakes.
֍ Grass should be cut frequently, keeping tall.
֍ The fight against pests should continue.

August maintenance
֍ If the procedures to be done in July are unfinished or not done; can be completed in this month.
֍ Pest control and protection procedures should be continued.

September maintenance
֍ Autumn care of the grass areas can be started this month.
֍ It can be completed by planting the places that have deteriorated due to disease or other reasons.
֍ Grass that has been cut long during the summer should be cut short as of this month.  Worms become active this month.
֍ They pose a danger to grass roots.
֍ Agricultural struggle should be done for such pests.
֍ It is the appropriate month for lawn plant through sowing.
֍ If the weather is hot and dry, the second half of September should be preferred.

October maintenance
֍ As of October, intensive leaf fall begins in the gardens.
֍ Falling leaves should be collected over grass areas.
֍ If it is not cleaned, it causes an increase in insect and worm problem and thus damage the grass.
֍ Towards the end of October, the grass plant ends by sowing seeds.
֍ It is a good time to put winter manure on the lawn.
֍ Winter fertilizer meets the potassium need of the grass during the winter season and prevents it from being affected by cold and frost.
֍ Regular mowing of the lawn ends.
֍ Since seasonal flowers planted in the gardens in spring will start to deteriorate, their collection and cleaning areas should be prepared.
֍ Seasonal flowers (pansies, broadcloths, winter daffodils, etc.) and bulbous plants can be planted during the winter season.

November maintenance
֍ Works to be done on grass trees during November; cleaning of fallen leaves if pests such as insect worms are seen, they should be removed by spraying.
֍ Starting from the second half of November, the plants that are desired to be relocated in the garden can be removed and planted in the desired location in accordance with the dismantling technique.
֍ Fruit trees and other plants can be protected from the effects of winter months with burnt, sifted and fumigated organic fertilizer or inorganic fertilizer supplement.

December maintenance
֍ During the month of December, there is almost no work to be done in the garden.
֍ In areas with seasonal snowfall, the snow on the plants should be constantly cleaned and the plants sensitive to cold should be wrapped.
֍ Avoid walking around on wet or frozen grass.
֍ It is a suitable month for the maintenance and cleaning of garden equipment to prepare for the new season.


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